It shows the scene of a battle, staged on two levels rendered in a very vivid way.
The winning Romans can be seen in the upper level while the defeated barbarians are humiliated and defeated below them.
A roman horseman, in the centre- surely the owner of the tomb, is depicted in the guise of universal victor.
The top part of the coffin also celebrates the dead man and his wife: The woman exercises her virtues in the house, weaving and educating the children; while the man, after his warlike activities, receives the submission of the enemies.
The congested scene is emphasized by deep chiaroscuro effects inspired by the scenes and style of the Marcus Aurelius column.
The owner can be identified with an official of Marcus ‘Aurelio in command of cavalry squadrons during the war against the Marcomanni (172-175AD).
Palazzo Massimo Museum